An explanation of website hosting
As its name implies, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting online content. There are different varieties and types of web hosting, based on the goals and on the functions. Yet, they all are associated with hosting files, which, once hosted, are made accessible throughout the Internet. A web host is actually a web server that is linked to the World Wide Web and has its own IP address, which allows users to gain access to it via the Web. The web server's architecture and its system resources are determined by the form of hosting solution it will be utilized for.
What are the various types of hosting?
Depending on the goal, the professional web hosting solution may be:
File Storage Hosting - this type of hosting enables the users to keep their files on a given server. With the ordinary file hosting service, the files that are deposited may only be accessed by the user that's availing of the service. This web hosting solution generally appertains to backups of PCs , documents, personal files and even other web servers. This solution may also have certain limitations in relation to the web space and the root access. There may also be bandwidth limitations, but that depends on the given web hosting service provider.
Warez Web Hosting - the so-called warez hosting service is comparable with the previous hosting service type. However, in contrast with the file hosting solution, the warez web hosting solution is used for spreading proprietary content without being given the green light by the licence owner. To cut a long story short - it is connected with the prohibited propagation of files and materials. There are lots of methods for this to be fulfilled, but the 2 chief approaches are - through plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through P2P connections. The first approach entails either a certain website, or, most commonly, just a directory on a server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thereby download copyrighted files for free. The second way involves a P2P connection, availing of the so-called Torrent servers, via which users swap files between each other. There are very few web space hosting companies that permit that type of hosting on their hosting servers, mainly owing to all the judicial predicaments that it presupposes. Usually such web pages are hosted on personal dedicated servers that are registered by 3rd party companies either in the Middle East or in Asia.
E-mail Web Hosting - this service is used with both shared web hosting and dedicated web hosting servers, depending on the user's desire. If you would like to set up your very own private SMTP electronic mail server, then you will require either a virtual private web server or a dedicated hosting server that provides the level of access needed to accomplish such a procedure. For traditional electronic mail web hosting ends, however, you can use a normal shared hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain. This is not a solution that's widely popular, since the website hosting and the email hosting services are being served by two separate servers, usually owned by different hosting providers.
Web Page Hosting - the most famous and widely used hosting service today. It's used for hosting site files, whose sort depends on the OS the web hosting server is running - Linux or Windows. Different types of files require different server OSs, otherwise they won't be shown properly on the Internet. This form of hosting may include data storage and traffic limitations, root-level access and central processing unit usage limitations.
Based on the goals and on the usage, the client should choose the sort of web hosting server that he requires for his work, and, of course, the web site hosting company that's going to provide it. There are several types of web servers, depending on the configuration and the website hosting solutions that they provide. These are:
Shared Web Hosting Server - a shared web hosting server supplies a smaller amount of system resources, which, of course, reflects on the price of the service. It can be used for hosting small and medium sized websites, which do not require immense quantities of server storage and traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Servers - they are based on the very same principle as the shared webspace hosting servers. Still, there are much fewer customers sharing the same server. That is why, each of them will enjoy a larger quota of the server's resources like RAM, server storage space, web traffic and CPU. Excellent for hosting immense online portals that do not need complete root access.
Virtual Servers - the VPS servers are excellent for medium scale web sites, which do need root-level access to the web server's configuration files. Traditionally, there are a bunch of virtual private web server hosting accounts sharing the same server. Nevertheless, each of them is autonomous from the others and has its own Operating System.
Dedicated Hosting - a completely dedicated server configured and accessed by you and only you. It ensures a huge amount of resources. It also includes complete root-level access, which makes it the optimal platform for any type of web page that needs a site hosting solution.
The only question that remains is:
Which site hosting firm should I choose?
As already mentioned, there aren't many hosting companies providing warez hosting solutions because of judicial complications. Such web hosts are being closed down almost every month. Therefore, if you would like to establish such a service, you should do it on your very own PC. The shared web hosting solution is the most widely spread type of web hosting service. For that reason, each and every site hosting vendor provides it. Not all of them, however, provide services such as virtual private web servers, semi-dedicated web servers and dedicated web hosting servers. Most of the smaller webspace hosting companies do not have the means needed for maintaining those services. For that reason it's always best to opt for a larger host that can furnish its clients with all the solutions that they want. You can easily ID such web hosts by the sorts of services that they are making available and by the manner in which they introduce them to the clientele. For example, certain providers allow you to begin with a smaller webspace hosting account and subsequently upgrade to a more advanced one, if you deem it mandatory to do so. This is quite suitable, because you do not need to transfer websites between hosting servers and there is no danger of facing downtime due to all the predicaments that may show up. Web hosts like InterNEXT Web Hosting are offering all sorts of solutions and possess the necessary server resources and personnel to guarantee that their clients will not experience any troubles when swapping services, which is what a top hosting corporation is in fact all about.